O5.1.1 Production vehicles are rarely suited to site work in their standard form, so before purchasing a vehicle, consideration should be given to the model‘s suitability for modifications and its ability to carry the necessary equipment. The ease with which an operator can move from the off side seat to the near side door should also be considered.
O5.1.2 The choice of vehicle type, engine size and gearbox should reflect the acceleration and manoeuvrability required of that vehicle during normal working conditions.
O5.1.3 All vehicles and equipment shall be checked for correct operation before work commences. All checks should be documented and all faults reported prior to work commencing. If necessary, the vehicle or equipment should be taken out of service until faults are rectified. Basic vehicle checks should always include fuel, lights, oil, water, electrics and tyres.
O5.1.4 All site vehicles should, where practicable, have all round visibility, for example, estate cars should be used in preference to vans. Where this is not practicable, additional mirrors should be fitted to eliminate blind spots.
05.2.1 Any vehicle stopping on the highway for works purposes or inspections should be of a conspicuous colour (e.g. yellow or white). A non-reflective yellow is recommended.
05.2.2 Subject to the specific requirements of the following sections, any works vehicles that are used to protect the workforce or form part of the signing of the works should be of conspicuous colour and appropriate marking. This is particularly important for that part of the vehicle visible to drivers and prescribed as part of any sign mounted on the vehicle.
05.2.3 In addition, on high-speed roads all vehicles stopping on the highway for works purposes or inspections shall be equipped with high visibility rear markings. High visibility rear markings should comprise either:
a) Signing to diagram 7403, or
b) The alternative light arrow sign in accordance with section 010.8, or
c) Chevron markings comprising alternate strips of fluorescent orange-red retro reflective material and fluorescent yellow non reflective material, of not less than 150mm width each inclined at 45 . 60 degrees to the horizontal and pointing upwards, or
d) A solid block of fluorescent orange-red retro reflective material.
The markings described in ( c ) and ( d ) above should cover as much of the rear-facing portion of the vehicle as possible without obscuring windows, vehicle lighting or registration plates.
05.2.4 Red retro reflective tape shall also be applied to all rear facing edges of open doors, guardrails and equipment lockers.
05.2.5 Where rear facing high visibility markings may be obscured by any device mounted on the vehicle (e.g. lorry-mounted crash cushion (LMCC) or cone laying adaptation), at any time that the vehicle is stopped on a high-speed road additional markings complying with paragraph 05.2.3 ( c ) or ( d ) shall be applied to any face of the device which is displayed to the rear and other road users.
05.2.6 Works vehicles should be kept clean to maintain conspicuity.
05.2.7 Motor vehicles with a maximum gross weight exceeding 7.5 tonnes and trailers with a maximum gross weight exceeding 3.5 tonnes must be fitted with rear markings in accordance with the Lighting Regulations.
05.2.8 Maintenance vehicles shall be identified by displaying to the rear, the sign to diagram 7404 "HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE". The sign to diagram 7404 variant "MOTORWAY MAINTENANCE" may be used instead when working on motorways only.
05.2.9 Other plant and equipment should be painted in a conspicuous colour.
When using ECE 104 contour conspicuity tape, the following contour marking requirements should be observed for trucks exceeding 7.5 tons (N2 and N3) and trailers exceeding 3.5 tons (O3 and O4)...
Full contour marking required. Only red or amber can be used. Conspicuity marking must be as close as possible to the edge of the vehicle. The cumulative length should also equate to 80% of the overall width of the vehicle, including marker boards.
Full or partial contour marking required. Conspicuity marking must be as close as possible to the
edge of the vehicle and reach within 600mm of the ends. The cumulative length should also equate to 80% of the overall length of the vehicle, excluding the length of the cab for motor vehicles and drawbar for trailers.
As low as possible, but within a range of not less than 250mm above ground and not more than 1500mm high.
As high as possible, but within 400mm of the upper extremity of the vehicle. For partial contour markings, each upper corner shall be described by two lines at 90 degrees of each other and at least 250mm in length.
Permitted where the shape, structure, design or operation requirements make it impossible to comply with the mandatory guides.
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